Friday, September 4, 2020

Marketing Planning, Orientations and Concepts Free Essays

Presentation Far †arriving at changes have been occurring in the Indian economy during the ongoing past, consequents to the opening up of our economy through globalization and advancement approaches. The conduits have experienced opened up to permit global rivalry for produced products and just as administrations, making it an issue of natural selection in any industry. In the present exceptionally serious economy, which can be called as Buyer’s showcase, the client uses full force. We will compose a custom article test on Showcasing Planning, Orientations and Concepts or on the other hand any comparable theme just for you Request Now He can make or wreck an organization. No big surprise that the aggregate call to war from deals and showcasing individuals, retailers, wholesalers and publicizing wizards the same is currently ‘Serve the customer’, or ‘Delight the customer’. The client who was viewed as the ’King’ is currently rewarded practically like ‘God’, copying the exceptionally fruitful showcasing individuals of Japan. At the point when shopper desires become ever more elevated, prevalent market driven systems or client driven methodologies and their execution in the market are significant. Organizations must be completely client situated to prevail in the present serious situation, and ought to â€Å"Think Customer†, â€Å"Live for Customer†, â€Å"Smell Customer†, and â€Å"Build Customer Relations†. Promoting â€Å"Marketing is characterized as a social and administrative procedure by which people and gatherings get what they need and need through making and trading items and qualities with others†. †(PHILIP KOTLER 2007) THE AMERICAN MARKETING ASSOCIATION characterizes promoting as â€Å"Marketing is an exhibition of Business exercises that coordinates the progression of products and enterprises from maker to client or user†. These conventional definitions have experienced a few changes and the new form is given as â€Å"Marketing is a cultural procedure by which people and gatherings acquire what they need and need through making, offering, and unreservedly trading items and administrations of qualities with others†. Therefore showcasing is a correspondence channel through which the business and customers are imparted. Showcasing PLAN A showcasing plan is a proper explanation of a lot of business objectives, the motivation behind why they are accepted achievable, and the arrangement for arriving at objectives and the method of coming to the client going to their item. Field-tested strategies may target changes in recognition and marking by the client, customer, citizen, or bigger network. While dealing with a business, a field-tested strategy, or B-plan, is regularly mistaken for the term Marketing Plan. Advertising plans are dynamic devices. There is no fixed substance for an advertising plan. Or maybe the substance and organization of the showcasing plan is controlled by the objectives and crowd. (Deboreh 2010) A showcasing plan speaks to all parts of business arranging process; pronouncing vision and technique close by sub-plans to cover advertising, account, tasks, HR just as a lawful arrangement, when required. For instance, a marketable strategy for a non-benefit may talk about the fit between the field-tested strategy and the organization’s mission. Banks are very worried about defaults, so a field-tested strategy for a bank credit will manufacture a persuading case for the organization’s capacity to reimburse the advance. Financial speculators are fundamentally worried about introductory venture, attainability, and leave valuation. A field-tested strategy for a venture required value financing should clarify why current assets, forthcoming development openings, and maintainable upper hand will prompt a high leave valuation. Setting up a Marketing plan draws on a wide scope of information from a wide range of business disciplines: money, human asset the executives, licensed innovation the board, flexibly chain the board, tasks the executives, and showcasing among others. â€Å"A great Marketing plan can assist with making a decent business believable, reasonable, and alluring to somebody who is new to the business. Composing a decent Marketing arrangement can’t ensure achievement, however it can go long route toward diminishing the chances of failure†. THE MARKETING ORIENTATIONS OR CONCEPTS The showcasing capacity or exercises are led by different organizations dependent on six other option or directions. They are: The Production Concept The Product Concept The Selling Concept The Marketing Concept The Customer Concept The Societal Marketing Concept The Production Concept The creation Concept accepts that customers will support items that are promptly accessible at sensible costs. Improvement underway and dissemination proficiency will be the concentration for administrations under this idea. At the point when the interest for an item surpasses the flexibly, makers have too increment creation. When the product’s cost is excessively high, the administration needs to bring it down to moderate levels. Creation idea, however helpful in certain circumstances, could bring about ‘Marketing Myopia’, as indicated by Theodore Levitt. Organizations following this idea center too barely around their own exercises and dismiss the genuine target of customer’s need fulfillment. The Product Concept The item idea accepts that the customers will support items that offer the most in quality, execution imaginative highlights. Nonstop enhancements in item and quality are basic for organizations that follow the item idea. Along these lines, this idea may likewise prompt Marketing Myopia. The Selling Concept This idea accepts that the shoppers won't accepting enough of the company’s items except if it embraces pressure selling strategies and substantial advancement endeavors. Purchasers are accepted to have a purchasing inactivity. This idea is particularly utilized for unsought merchandise which purchasers don't consider purchasing, similar to burial ground plots, extra security, and so on. The Marketing Concept This idea accepts that accomplishing the company’s destinations relies upon understanding the necessities needs of target advertises and conveying the ideal fulfillment in a superior manner than what the contenders are doing. The Customer Concept Numerous organizations are today moving past the promoting idea to the client idea. These organizations shape separate offers, administrations and messages to singular clients, in light of their individual inclinations. They would like to accomplish productive development through catching a bigger portion of each customer’s consumptions by building high customer’s dependability and concentrating on customer’s life time esteem. Model: Barbie Dolls, Levi Strauss pants, Dell Computers. The Societal Marketing Concept This idea accepts that associations ought to decide the requirements, needs and premiums of target markets. It should then convey better an incentive than the clients in a manner that keeps up or improves the consumer’s and the society’s prosperity. Society (Human government assistance, condition) Buyers (Needs, needs and Company (Sales volume, benefits Fulfillment) and development) Promoting PLANNING PROCESS The promoting Planning process comprises of the accompanying exercises: Dissecting market openings Choosing objective markets Building up the advertising blend Dealing with the advertising endeavors. At the focal point of the procedure stand the customers. The goal is to assemble a solid and productive client relationship. The initial step is advertise division, focusing on and situating, to clients the organization should serve and how. This procedure recognizes the all out market, and afterward isolates it into littler sections. The subsequent stage is to structure a promoting blend comprising of variables under its influence like : I. Item II. Spot III. Cost IV. Advancement For recognizing best promoting blend mix and to place enthusiastically, the organization takes part in the exercises like: I. Showcasing investigation II. Arranging III. Execution IV. Control exercises With the assistance of these, the organization watches embrace to the entertainers and powers in the advertising condition around it. Fig. The Marketing Planning Process 1, 2, 3,4 DENOTES: 1Marketing Intermediaries 3 Market arranging 2 Marketing Control 4 Competitors Advancement OF MARKETING MIX The showcasing chief is a blender of fixings, as per JAMES CULLITON, a prominent Marketing master, who instituted the expression,† Marketing Mix† â€Å"The promoting blend is the arrangement of controllable, strategic, showcasing instruments that the firm mixes to create the reaction it needs in the objective market† †(PHILIP KOTLER 2007) The promoting blend comprises of the factors, for example, Item Cost Spot Advancement These are notable as the Four P’s of Marketing as grouped by McCarthy and this figure beneath gives away from about the factors of promoting blend and its different devices. Spot represents the products and ventures offered by an organization to the objective market, to fulfill needs and needs. Value alludes to cash esteem that the buyers need to pay to purchase for the item or administrations. Advancement alludes to the exercises of Advertising, individual selling, deals advancement, advertising and conveying items advantages and credits to target clients to convince them to buy. Spot represents physical conveyance exercises through which the items moves from the business to the clients. To be fruitful, the showcasing programs need to mix the 4 factors into a perfect coordinated activity plan planned for accomplishing the corporate target. While the 4 P’s ideas identifies with the merchants point of view of the market. The different P’s which are incorporated as 7 P’s of advertising seem to be: Bundling Situating Individuals Bundling is the fifth component of the promoting blend, which alludes to the external p

Tuesday, August 25, 2020

Special Interests Groups and Political Participation

Exceptional Interests Groups and Political Participation Exceptional InterestAs kids growing up we figure out how to battle hunger from our folks and schools. The schools would report an appetite drive, normally around the special seasons and guardians would give their youngsters two or three jars of corn to bring to class and for the vast majority of us, that was the degree of our commitment to the battle against hunger.We need to accomplish more. The battle against appetite ought not stop inside the dividers of our schools. It starts with every distinctive individual, each can in turn and with the assistance of networks around the country we can accomplish the battle against hunger.Approximately 16.2% of youngsters in the U.S. live in destitution (U.S. Enumeration Bureau, Poverty in the United States: 2000, Current Population Reports, September 2001). The U.S. youngster destitution rate is higher than that of most other industrialized nations.In 2000, marginally the greater part of all food stamp beneficiaries were children.The Connectic ut State Capitol, in downtown Hartfor...About 68% of these kids were young. The greater part of the food stamp family units with kids were going by single grown-ups, with half of these families accepting money help with expansion to food stamp benefits. (Joined State Department of Agriculture Food and Nutrition Service, Characteristics of Food Stamp Households: Fiscal Year 2000, October 2001).The objective segment zone of this report is in the province of Connecticut. As per the U.S. Statistics Bureau the Percent of Persons in Poverty by in the province of Connecticut in 2000, 2001, and 2002 is a follows:2000 - 2001 (2-year normal) 7.5%2001 - 2002 (2-year normal) 7.8%2000 - 2002 (3-year normal) 7.8%Arkansas was recorded as the most elevated at 18%, the least is New Hampshire at 5.6%.Democratic ProcessThe Connecticut Public Interest Research Group (ConnPIRG) is a particular vested party that...

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Thanksgivings History and FDRs Involvement

Thanksgiving's History and FDR's Involvement U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt had a great deal to consider in 1939. The world had been experiencing the Great Depression for 10 years and the Second World War had recently ejected in Europe. In addition, the U.S. economy kept on looking dreary. So when U.S. retailers implored him to move Thanksgiving up seven days to expand the shopping days before Christmas, FDR concurred. He most likely thought of it as a little change; nonetheless, when FDR gave his Thanksgiving Proclamation with the new date, there was a turmoil all through the nation. The First Thanksgiving As most schoolchildren know, the historical backdrop of Thanksgiving started when Pilgrims and Native Americans assembled to praise a fruitful gather. The principal Thanksgiving was held in the fall of 1621, at some point between September 21 and November 11, and was a three-day feast. The Pilgrims were joined by roughly ninety of the nearby Wampanoag clan, including Chief Massasoit, in festivity. They ate fowl and deer for certain and undoubtedly likewise ate berries, fish, mollusks, plums, and bubbled pumpkin. Inconsistent Thanksgivings In spite of the fact that the present occasion of Thanksgiving depended on the 1621 dining experience, it didn't quickly turn into a yearly festival or occasion. Inconsistent long stretches of Thanksgiving followed, generally proclaimed locally to express appreciation for a particular occasion, for example, the finish of a dry spell, triumph in a particular fight, or after a gather. It wasnt until October 1777 that every one of the thirteen settlements commended a day of Thanksgiving. The absolute first national day of Thanksgiving was held in 1789, when President George Washington announced Thursday, November 26 to be a day of open thanksgiving and petition, to particularly express gratefulness for the chance to shape another country and the foundation of another constitution. However significantly following a national day of Thanksgiving was proclaimed in 1789, Thanksgiving was not a yearly festival. Mother of Thanksgiving We owe the cutting edge idea of Thanksgiving to a lady named Sarah Josepha Hale. Solidness, editorial manager of Godeys Ladys Book and writer of the celebrated Mary Had a Little Lamb nursery rhyme, went through forty years supporting for a national, yearly Thanksgiving occasion. In the years paving the way to the Civil War, she considered the to be as an approach to inject expectation and faith in the country and the Constitution. Along these lines, when the United States was torn into equal parts during the Civil War and President Abraham Lincoln was scanning for an approach to unite the country, he examined the issue with Hale. Lincoln Sets Date On October 3, 1863, Lincoln gave a Thanksgiving Proclamation that proclaimed the last Thursday in November (in view of Washingtons date) to be a day of thanksgiving and recognition. Just because, Thanksgiving turned into a national, yearly occasion with a particular date. FDR Changes It For seventy-five years after Lincoln gave his Thanksgiving Proclamation, succeeding presidents regarded the custom and every year gave their own Thanksgiving Proclamation, proclaiming the last Thursday in November as the day of Thanksgiving. Be that as it may, in 1939, President Franklin D. Roosevelt didn't. In 1939, the last Thursday of November would have been November 30. Retailers grumbled to FDR this lone left twenty-four shopping days to Christmas and beseeched him to push Thanksgiving only multi week sooner. It was resolved that a great many people do their Christmas shopping in the wake of Thanksgiving and retailers trusted that with an additional seven day stretch of shopping, individuals would purchase more. So when FDR reported his Thanksgiving Proclamation in 1939, he proclaimed the date of Thanksgiving to be Thursday, November 23, the second-to-last Thursday of the month. Discussion The new date for Thanksgiving created a great deal of turmoil. Schedules were presently wrong. Schools who had arranged excursions and tests presently needed to reschedule. Thanksgiving had been a major day for football match-ups, as it is today, so the game timetable must be inspected. Political rivals of FDR and numerous others scrutinized the Presidents option to change the occasion and focused on the breaking of point of reference and negligence for custom. Many accepted that changing a loved occasion just to pacify organizations was not an adequate explanation behind a change. Atlantic Citys city hall leader slanderously called November 23 as Franksgiving. Two Thanksgivings in 1939? Prior to 1939, the President every year reported his Thanksgiving Proclamation and afterward governors followed the President in authoritatively announcing a similar day as Thanksgiving for their state. In 1939, be that as it may, numerous governors didn't concur with FDRs choice to change the date and along these lines wouldn't tail him. The nation got split on which Thanksgiving day they ought to watch. Twenty-three states followed FDRs change and announced Thanksgiving to be November 23. Twenty-three different states couldn't help contradicting FDR and saved the customary date for Thanksgiving, November 30. Two states, Colorado and Texas, chose to respect the two dates. This thought of two Thanksgiving days split some familiesâ because not every person had that day away from work. Accomplished It Work? In spite of the fact that the turmoil caused numerous dissatisfactions the nation over, the inquiry stayed with regards to whether the all-encompassing Christmas shopping season made individuals spend more, in this way helping the economy. The appropriate response was no. Organizations detailed that the spending was around the equivalent, however the conveyance of the shopping was changed. For those states who commended the prior Thanksgiving date, the shopping was equally dispersed all through the season. For those states that kept the customary date, organizations encountered a main part of shopping in the most recent week before Christmas. What Befell Thanksgiving the Following Year? In 1940, FDR again declared Thanksgiving to be the second-to-last Thursday of the month. This time, thirty-one states tailed him with the prior date and seventeen kept the customary date. Disarray more than two Thanksgivings proceeded. Congress Fixes It Lincoln had set up the Thanksgiving occasion to unite the nation, however the disarray over the date change was destroying it. On December 26, 1941, Congress passed a law announcing that Thanksgiving would happen each year on the fourth Thursday of November.

Winston Churchill Essays (1785 words) - Winston Churchill, Churchill

Winston Churchill Winston Churchill, conceived on Nov. 30, 1874, at Blenheim Palace, the well known castle close to Oxford worked by the country for John Churchill, first duke of Marlborough, the extraordinary warrior. Blenheim, named after Marlborough's most stupendous triumph (1704), implied a lot to Winston Churchill. In the grounds there he got connected with to his future spouse, Clementine Ogilvy Hozier (b. 1885). He later composed his verifiable magnum opus, The Life and Times of John Churchill, Duke of Marlborough, with the chronicles of Blenheim behind him. English on his dad's side, American on his mother's, Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill epitomized and communicated the twofold imperativeness and the national characteristics of the two people groups. His names vouch for the lavishness of his noteworthy legacy: Winston, after the Royalist family with whom the Churchills wedded before the English Civil War; Leonard, after his wonderful granddad, Leonard Jerome of New York; Spencer, the wedded name of a girl of the first duke of Marlborough, from whom the family plunged; Churchill, the family name of the first duke, which his descendents continued after the Battle of Waterloo. Every one of these strands meet up in a profession that had no equal in British history for wealth, range, length, and accomplishment. Churchill took a main part in establishing the frameworks of the government assistance state in Britain, in setting up the Royal Navy for World War I, and in settling the political limits in the Middle East after the war. In WORLD WAR II rose as the pioneer of the unified British country and Commonwealth to stand up to the German mastery of Europe, as an inspirer of the obstruction among free people groups, and as a prime draftsman of triumph. In this, and in the battle against socialism a while later, he made himself a vital connection between the English and American people groups, for he predicted that the best barrier for the free world was the meeting up of the English-talking people groups. Significantly verifiably disapproved, he likewise had prophetic foreknowledge: British-American solidarity was the message of his last incredible book, A History of the English-Speaking Peoples. He was a mix of trooper, author, craftsman, and legislator. He was not really great as a negligible gathering government official. Like Julius Caesar, he stands apart not just as a extraordinary man of activity, yet as an essayist of it as well. He had virtuoso; as a man he was beguiling, gay, chipper, charming. With respect to individual imperfections, such a man was bound to be an extraordinary self seeker; if that is a deformity. So solid a character was adept to be domineering. He was something of a card shark, in every case too ready to even think about taking dangers. In his previous vocation, individuals considered him unequal judgment mostly from the exceptionally abundance of his energies and endowments. That is the most terrible that can be said of him. With no other incredible man is the recognizable legend all the more consistent with the realities. We know everything to think about him; there was no mask. His father, Lord Randolph Churchill, was a more youthful child of the seventh duke of Marlborough. His mom was Jennie Jerome; and as her mom, Clara Hall, was one-quarter Iroquois, Sir Winston had an Indian strain in him. Master Randolph, a splendid Conservative pioneer who had been chancellor of the exchequer in his 30's, passed on when just 46, in the wake of destroying his vocation. His child composed that one could not experience childhood in that family unit without understanding that there had been a calamity out of sight. It was an early spike to him to attempt to compensate for his talented father's disappointment, in legislative issues and recorded as a hard copy, yet on the turf. Youthful Winston, however the grandson of a duke, needed to make his own specific manner on the planet, gaining his living by his tongue and his pen. In this he had the comradeship of his mom, who was consistently fearless and resolute. Rejoining his regiment, he was sent to serve in India. Here, other than his dependence on polo, he went on genuinely with his instruction, which for his situation was a lot of self-training. His mom conveyed to him boxes of books, and Churchill ingested the entire of Gibbon and Macaulay, and quite a bit of Darwin. The impact of the history specialists is to be watched every single through howdy works and in his perspective on. The impact of Darwin isn't less detectable in his way of thinking of life: that all life is a battle, the odds of endurance favor the fittest, chance is an extraordinary component in the game, the game is to be played with

Friday, August 21, 2020

Carbon-Fibre Composite Materials Coursework Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Carbon-Fiber Composite Materials - Coursework Example There are various sorts of car. A vehicle is the most well-known sort of car containing to a great extent in the ease of use in human populace. Fundamentally, the essential pieces of a vehicle incorporates: the outside, lights, inside, chasis, brakes, suspension, and motor. Materials utilized for the different pieces of a vehicle needs to satisfy different models and conform to guidelines and enactments that guarantees the security and natural worries of the machines. Customarily, materials utilized for car parts creation involves metallic materials, aluminum, steel, magnesium and other metallic combinations. Notwithstanding, with the ascent of present day innovation where different examination found new inquires about, huge numbers of the metallic pieces of vehicle are currently supplanted with materials comprised of composite materials (Ghassemieh). Composite materials, for example, carbon-fiber composites have been generally applied in car preparing. Carbon filaments are those fib er materials got from carbon. They are combined and bound with different materials, for example, polymer saps handled under warmth, weight and vacuum to determine the unique properties for the composites (Johnson, T. n.d). They are considered as new variety for high quality materials. It contains about 90% carbon fiber which is truly tough and solid. They are truly appropriate when utilized in applications requiring firmness, quality, lesser weight and prevalent exhaustion attributes (Hegde, et al. 2004). Carbon Fiber composite polymers or CFRP are conceived in vehicle fabricating as they are lightweight.

Sunday, August 9, 2020

Heroin Withdrawal Symptoms, Timeline, & Treatment

Heroin Withdrawal Symptoms, Timeline, & Treatment Addiction Drug Use Heroin Print How Long Does Withdrawal From Heroin Last? By Elizabeth Hartney, BSc., MSc., MA, PhD Elizabeth Hartney, BSc, MSc, MA, PhD is a psychologist, professor, and Director of the Centre for Health Leadership and Research at Royal Roads University, Canada. Learn about our editorial policy Elizabeth Hartney, BSc., MSc., MA, PhD Medically reviewed by Medically reviewed by Steven Gans, MD on September 01, 2019 Steven Gans, MD is board-certified in psychiatry and is an active supervisor, teacher, and mentor at Massachusetts General Hospital. Learn about our Medical Review Board Steven Gans, MD on September 01, 2019 More in Addiction Drug Use Heroin Cocaine Marijuana Meth Ecstasy/MDMA Hallucinogens Opioids Prescription Medications Alcohol Use Addictive Behaviors Nicotine Use Coping and Recovery In This Article Table of Contents Expand Overview Signs & Symptoms Coping & Relief Warnings Long-Term Treatment View All Back To Top If you have been using heroin for a while, whether as a regular pattern, in binges, or if you have become dependent, you may want to know what to expect if you stop taking heroin and start having heroin withdrawal symptoms. Verywell /  Cindy Chung Overview If you have become addicted to heroin, you are likely to experience withdrawal when you quit, but withdrawal symptoms can also appear following heavy use. Physically, heroin withdrawal may feel like having the flu. People often experience nausea, diarrhea, runny nose, achiness, tremors, fatigue, chills, and sweats. More severe symptoms can also occur such as difficulty breathing, depression, anxiety, and insomnia. How Long Will Heroin Withdrawal Last? The initial comedown of heroin withdrawal can vary in time and intensity. Typically, withdrawal symptoms will begin 6 to 12 hours after the last dose, peaking within 1 to 3 days, and gradually subsiding over 5 to 7 days. However, some users experience weeks or months of withdrawal symptoms, known as post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS). What to Know About Heroin Use Signs Symptoms Using heroin is a bit like taking out a loanâ€"you experience some borrowed good feelings during the high, but then you have to pay back that debt as you go through withdrawal. It is only after you have paid back the debt that you can return to normal and feel better again naturally. Everyone’s experience of heroin withdrawal is different, but here are some of the most common symptoms. Fever Body temperature varies from one individual to the next, as well as factors like time of day and menstrual cycle, but generally, a temperature of 99â€"99.5 F (37.2â€"37.5 C) is considered to be a fever in adults. A fever is one way your body fights illnesses or infections, but when you are going through heroin withdrawal, the fever is not serving a useful purpose in fighting infection, so there is unlikely to be harm in taking steps to control it. Seek medical assistance immediately if your temperature goes above 103 F (40 C), and doesnt come down with treatment; if you have a serious medical illness, such as a heart problem, sickle cell anemia, diabetes, HIV, or cystic fibrosis; or if you have a seizure. Heroin Cravings Most people who are withdrawing from heroin experience a strong desire to take more heroin.?? This is known as experiencing cravings and is common among people withdrawing from many addictive substances. Part of the craving is driven by the wish to reduce the symptoms of heroin withdrawal, and part of it is the desire to re-experience the pleasure of the heroin high. How to Cope With Withdrawal Cravings Mood Changes Feeling depressed, anxious, or irritable, also known as having a dysphoric mood, is a normal part of heroin withdrawal.?? Even without a traumatic past, these mood changes would be expected, but many people who use heroin experience long-suppressed feelings related to past trauma or abuse when they come off the drug. This is one of the reasons it is important to have emotional support while you are going through withdrawal. Although these feelings are often intense during heroin withdrawal, they tend to become less intense once the withdrawal stage is over. If you are withdrawing in a treatment facility, make the most of the support offered, and try and have support arranged in the community when your stay is over. If the feelings of depression or distress do not pass, you should see your doctor for appropriate treatment. Aches and Pains Part of the way heroin works is to block the bodys pain pathways. When you withdraw from heroin, there is a rebound effect, and you feel achy, particularly in the back and legs, and feel more sensitive to pain.?? Excessive Bodily Fluids As you go through heroin withdrawal, you may experience an overproduction of bodily fluids, such as sweat, tears, and a runny nose.?? You may also notice your hairs standing on end. As with other physical withdrawal symptoms, these responses are part of your body bringing itself into balance. Diarrhea and Stomach Pain Diarrhea or loose, watery, and frequent bowel movements are also common with heroin withdrawal.?? These symptoms may be accompanied by stomach pain caused by spasms in the digestive system. The discomfort of diarrhea stomach pain and fears about having accidents may make it difficult to go about your regular routine. Nausea and Vomiting Although these symptoms are distressing, nausea and vomiting are normal aspects of heroin withdrawal.?? It wears you out, makes you feel very uncomfortable, puts you off your food, and keeps you close to the bathroom. Coping With Withdrawal-Induced Nausea Restlessness and Sleep Problems People going through heroin withdrawal often experience restlessness, which, coupled with anxiety and insomnia, can make you feel agitated. Heroin withdrawal often causes sleep problems, particularly insomnia (having trouble getting to sleep or staying asleep). Yawning is also common.?? Coping Relief While heroin withdrawal can be intense and uncomfortable, the worst of the symptoms usually pass within a week. During this time, there are some things that you can do to help yourself feel more comfortable. Ask for help: Whether you are getting support at home from someone you trust or going to a treatment facility, you should have the support you can rely on as you go through withdrawal. Having someone with you can ensure that you are safe and have someone to talk to about what you are experiencing.Stay hydrated: Because the withdrawal process is usually accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea, it is important to make sure that you are taking in enough fluids to avoid becoming dehydrated.Stay busy: Make sure that you have a way to stay occupied during your withdrawal. Watching television or movies is a good choice, especially since you probably wont be feeling well physically for at least a few days. If you have a friend there to help, you can even plan brief activities outside of the house as you start to feel a little better.Manage symptoms with OTC medications. Over-the-counter pain relievers and antidiarrheals can help keep your fever, pain, and diarrhea in check, but always be sure t o only take the indicated dosages.Try acupuncture. Although acupuncture has been reported to sometimes benefit people who are withdrawing from methadone, more research is needed to conclusively recommend it as a treatment for heroin withdrawal symptoms. Warnings While many people get adequate medical help during heroin withdrawal, some do not. One reason is that they may not believe anything can help them feel better other than more heroin or opiates. However, medications can be prescribed that will help reduce the discomfort of heroin withdrawal symptoms, so if possible, see a physician as soon as possible before or after beginning the withdrawal process. It is also important to realize that anyone who has gone through heroin withdrawal is at an increased risk of overdose due to opiate tolerance. Once a person has developed a tolerance to a drug, it takes a larger dose to experience the same effects. If the same dose they took before they went through withdrawal is taken again after or during, there is a strong chance of an accidental overdose.   If heroin withdrawal symptoms become severe, hospitalization may be required. Doctors can treat these symptoms with prescription medications such as clonidine, which can reduce the severity of withdrawal symptoms. Long-Term Treatment Following acute heroin withdrawal, people typically go through a protracted period lasting around six months when they often experience strong drug cravings as well as reduced feelings of wellness. This can increase the risk of relapse, which is why additional treatments are important to help ensure long-term recovery. Such treatments can include behavioral therapies and pharmacological treatments. The National Institute on Drug Abuse reports that medications such as methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone have been shown to increase the effectiveness of treatment programs in the long-term. Behavioral approaches such as cognitive-behavioral therapy and  contingency management are two types of therapy that are often used to treat heroin addiction. Cognitive-behavioral therapy focuses on helping people change thoughts and behaviors that contribute to drug use, where contingency management rewards people for staying drug-free with vouchers that can then be exchanged for desired rewards.   Treatment for heroin use often combines these behavioral approaches with medication. Resources In addition to friends and medical professionals, there are also online resources that can help you during heroin withdrawal. Support groups such as Narcotics Anonymous offer information and resources that can help you during your recovery. You can also call the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administrations (SAMHSA) free, national hotline at 1-800-662-4357, or use their online treatment locator, to find treatment services in your area. A Word From Verywell Heroin withdrawal can be unpleasant, but your individual experience will depend on factors that include the frequency, amount, and duration of your drug use. Finding support during this time is critical for successful recovery, so do not hesitate to reach out to loved ones and talk to your doctor.

Tuesday, June 23, 2020

Sri Meenakshi Devasthanam - Free Essay Example

Sri Meenakshi Devasthanam is a very large Hindu temple located in Pearland. It was finished in 1982 but has continuously been under construction for the new temples that are being added every few years. It is believed to be the third Hindu temple to be built in the U.S. It is also the only temple outside of India dedicated to worshipping Meenakshi, the wife of Shiva. It has a very similar architecture to the temples in India. The Pearland temple is a replica of the original Sri Meenakshi temple back in India. The temple is very well maintained and is a very peaceful house of God. Although the Hindu population of Houston and specifically the Pearland area is very small the temple can get very crowded during festivals. There are two main temple complexes on the entire campus. The deity of the main temple is Meenakshi as well as Venkateshwara and Sundareswara. According to the agamas, a collection of scriptures made by a collection of Hindu schools, The deities were installed with yantras, a geometrical diagram that serves as a meditation tool. Shivas vahana, vehicle, Nandi, is directly across Shiva. Vishnus vahana, Garuda, is directly across Venkateswara. The other temple contains the idol of Ganesha and Navagraha, nine astronomical bodies and mythical deities of Hinduism. The Ganesh temple also has peacocks and peahens. Many of the worship services known as puja are held in this temple. There are a total of three gopurams, entrance towers of a Hindu temple, and four prakara temples which is an outer part of Hindu temple sanctuary. Almost every inch of the open temple has carved decorations with symbolic significance. The temple has a library as well as a kitchen and dining hall where you can buy indian food. Before entering the temple it is necessary to remove shoes out of respect for God to keep his house clean. You can then be directed to a wash area if you need cleansing. The dress code is very simple and only requires members to wear something that covers knees and shoulders. This dress code is applicable to both men and women. The spiritual leader of the temple is the pand it, a Hindu priest, whose duty is to maintain the temple, prepare and distribute offerings, perform rituals and ceremonies, and lead devotions in the worship. Another leader that was found in the temple was the acharyan which is Sanskrit for guru. Their job is to teach divine personality and to help ordinary members and followers understand the scriptures. Services are conducted by a pujari who is a trained priest. Puja, the worship service, is a religious ceremony where Hindus demonstrate their faithfulness to their specific god or divine being with rituals, prayers, or music. When performing the puja, the priest tries to connect to the deity by using the shrine. The shrine is usually decorated with flowers and different offerings brought by the worshippers. The pandit began the ceremony with a purification process. The priest then chanted a prayer in Sanskrit which is a ancient language of India. He then made gestures with his hands to attract the deity, then made an offering to the god. He then dressed the icon in new clothes and waved a lamp over it and carried it to the bakhta, worshippers, to bless them. After this the pandit passed out prasads, offerings, to the worshippers. Although not witnessed, another way to perfor m prayers is with bhajans, these are songs that are sung in front of the deity. After you complete your prayer you can leave as you please or go to the dining hall to eat. The whole experience can be described as holy and spiritually enlightening.