Saturday, May 23, 2020

Will Work for Room and Board Prison Labor in America Essay

American prisoners receive free medical attention, housing, meals, utilities, use of exercise equipment, and laundry services. The cost of these services amount in the billions of dollars a year and government budgets are straining to accommodate these fiscal requirements. â€Å"There’s special urgency in prisons these days,† â€Å"As state budgets get constricted, the public is looking for ways to offset the cost of imprisonment† (Brown). This economic concern requires work programs to aid in the relief of financial burdens incurred from convicted criminals. Once found guilty of a crime the prisoner needs to take responsibility for the costs incurred. Prison labor has evolved from the day of hard labor, breaking rocks, and making license plates to†¦show more content†¦The Inmate Work Act has fueled rapid expansion of Oregon prison industries in the past few years and has paved the way for many joint ventures† (Oregon). â€Å"In addition, during the last 20 years more than 30 states have passed laws permitting the use of convict labor by commercial enterprises. These programs now exist in 36 states† (Whyte). Even though people used work programs in the past for personal profit and prison labor has been compared to slavery the programs are successful. Corrupt people are removed from their positions with their exposure by outside organizations. Watchdog groups are necessary for any industry, including the prison work force, and are welcomed. As with any organization, there will always be some bad apples. In American prisons workers are paid for work performed. Presently 80,000 inmates are employed manufacturing blue jeans, auto parts, electronics, furniture, handling reservations, telemarketing, data entry, record keeping, desk top publishing, digital mapping, computer-aided design work, auto repairs and, are paid at a rate of $.21 to $.50 an hour (Whyte). Fortunately, work programs will relieve taxpayers burden and hold the criminal financially responsible for their actions. During the sentencing phase of a trial a prisoner is ordered to pay a victim compensation for damages or loss but is unable to due to incarceration with no income, andShow MoreRelatedOvercrowded Jails and Prisons1821 Words   |  7 Pages Why are prison and jail so overcrowded? Could it be we need to establish a better program for rehabilitating the inmates? For many years now rehabilitation has been an issue within the Criminal Justice System. The debate of should these criminals be punished or should they be rehabilitated. What is the reason for our jails and prisons for becoming so full? Is it because we simply like to house criminals to keep them off the streets or do we truly not know how to rehabilitate them back in to societyRead More Alta California was the Last Expansion of Spain’s Empire in North America.1427 Words   |  6 PagesCalifornia occurred in the mid 1530s when Cortez’s men ventured to Baja California. They began to sail north to Alta California and established 21 missions. The expedition to Alta California was the last greatest expansion of Spain’s empire in North America. The missions were a series of religious and military settlements established by the padre. The Spanish constructed the missions to gain control and power over the land in California. San Francisco Solano Mission was the last mission established inRead MoreForeign Minors Tax Of 18521325 Words   |  6 Pagesstated by Governor Bigler was that, â€Å"the state will use its police power to prohibit the immigration of Chinese into California† (p. 81). He also suggested forcing Chinese to pay huge taxes just to be in the state of California and to prohibit contract labor. Every month, every foreign miner who had no wishes of being an American citizen had to pay 3 dollars in taxes. However, this was a bit foolish since Chinese people could not become citizens because in the Naturalization Act of 1790, it stated onlyRead MoreEssay on History of the Prison System3187 Words   |  13 PagesPrison is an institution for the confinement of persons convicted of criminal offenses. Throughout history, most societies have built places in which to hold persons accused of criminal acts pendin g some form of trial. The idea of confining persons after a trial as punishment for their crimes is relatively new. During the 15th century in Europe, the penalties for crimes were some form of corporal punishment like whippings for less serious crimes and execution or enslavement for moreRead MoreLocking Up Immigrants For Profit2750 Words   |  11 Pages Professor Kaufman English 102 25th November 2014 Locking up Immigrants for Profit There is a saying in America; two wrongs don’t make a right! But when money comes into the picture it seems Americans become blind sighted in regards to what is fair treatment, and how far to go for the purpose of wealth. Immigrants have been living and working in this country for hundreds of years legally and illegally. However, post 911 brought on the war on drugs and the war against illegal immigration. The BushRead MoreEssay on Racism In America1586 Words   |  7 PagesRacism In America Racism (n): the prejudice that members of one race are intrinsically superior to members of other race (Wordnet search, 1), a controversial topic in today’s society, a subject that many people try to sweep under the rug, but yet a detrimental problem that has been present in America since the colonial era. Will this dilemma come to a halt? Can all Americans see each other as equals despite their skin color and nationality; and what role has it played in past generations versusRead MoreThe Department of Corrections Essay2847 Words   |  12 PagesCorrections. New York opened its first state prison in 1788. It opened on November 28th. It was named the Greenwich State Prison. The structure included Doric columns, huge surrounding walls and four acres of grounds. 1816 brought about New Yorks first penitentiary, named Bellevue City Penitentiary. This penitentiary is the home of a large number of female felons. Next came Auburn prison which was opened in 1817. In 1821 Auburn prison opened a new wing to their facility. It was builtRead MoreThe And Incarceration Of The American Prison System3791 Words   |  16 Pages The American prison finds its origin in Europe. Like most things American we have adopted and adapted many of our beliefs and customs from our mother land. The punishment of confinement was rare and unheard of in America before Eighteenth century. The English concept of prison and incarceration did not even take root until the late Eighteenth Century (Hirsch, 1992). Now, American’s cannot claim that they invented prisons or the concept of confining criminal offenders within facilities that keepRead MoreThe History of Boot Camps2332 Words   |  10 Pagesthere is an emphasis on hard work, physical training, and unquestioning obedience to authority. The new private is told when to sleep, when to get up and when to eat. He marches with his platoon everywhere he goes such as to meals and to training. Orders must be obeyed instantly and personal liberty is almost nonexistent. By the end of boot camp the new private has become a different person. Such was the hope for boot camp, or shock incarceration, programs in American prisons: that young, nonviolent offendersRead MoreThe Wealth Of Nations By Adam Smith1521 Words   |  7 PagesIn Adam Smith’s famous work, The Wealth of Nations, he references the idea of the â€Å"invisible hand† and its influence on the individual. An excerpt from Smith’s renown book reads, â€Å"[E]very individual necessarily labours to render the annual revenue of society as great as he can. He generally, indeed, neither intends to promote the public interest, nor knows how much he is promoting it . . . he intends only his own gain, and he is in this, as in many other cases, led by an invisible hand to promote

Monday, May 18, 2020

Obesity Is Prevalent Between Children And Adolescents In

Obesity is prevalent between children and adolescents in the United States. Obesity is the second leading cause of death after smoking in the US. It also causes cancer, and it is associated with unhealthy eating and less exercise or physical activity. The concerns of childhood and adolescent obesity include earlier puberty and menarche in girls, type 2 diabetes and increased rate of the metabolic disease in adolescence and adults. Therefore, the rate of obesity has increased in the American children in the last three years. The type 2 diabetes causes anticipated debilitating cardiovascular comorbidities. Some of the children have type 2 diabetes, which leads to dyslipidemia. Therefore, type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a major public health†¦show more content†¦There are two main factors leading to obesity such as poor nutrition and inadequate physical activity. Moreover, evidence based diabetes prevention programs focus on promoting a healthy lifestyle, healthy eating habits and physical activities. Also, children stay on TV, computers, and video games. These are factors which lead to an increase in diabetes, insufficient access to the right diabetes prevention and management programs, and inadequate healthcare. Obesity is a high risk factor for type 2-diabetes. In recent years, the number of children between the ages of 6-11 years suffering from being overweight doubled and in the age range from 12 to 19 years old***(.2010). Obesity spread from adults to adolescents. It effects a lot of children in the USA because of health care costs and poorer lifestyles. Commonly, cardiovascular screening is recommended for teens, particularly in people with a family record of cardiovascular conditions. Children and youth were once considered to be at low hazard, but with the growing health concerns associated with sedentary life-style, negative eating regimens and weight problems, cardiovascular issues are increasing. Parents should encourage eating fruit and vegetables. Additionally, parents should encourage children to watch 2 hours of TV a day. Parents must remove televisions and computers from bedrooms. One articleShow MoreRelatedDoes Counseling Help Children with Issues of Obesity? Obesity in children is an epidemic that700 Words   |  3 PagesDoes Counseling Help Children with Issues of Obesity? Obesity in children is an epidemic that continues to be a serious problem in our nation. Over the past thirty years, childhood obesity rates in the United States have tripled, and currently, approximately one in three children in the U.S. are overweight or obese. High body mass index (BMI) among children and adolescents is a public health concern in the United States (Ogden, Carroll, Curtin, Lamb Flegal, 2010). According to the CentersRead MorePoor Nutrition And Lack Of Physical Activity1031 Words   |  5 PagesPoor nutrition and lack of physical activity contribute to the rise of obesity which is leading to many diseases such as diabetes type two, cardiovascular diseases and premature death. A major goal is to reduce obesity by 2020. Many changes are being incorporated at an early age to promote healthy lifestyles. The main focus is getting people to become more active in their daily routines, and to educate them about healthier foods they should consume. According to the Centers for Disease ControlRead MorePrevalence Of Overweight And Obesity Essay1249 Words   |  5 Pagesoverweight/obesity among parents of children entering childhood obesity treatment and to evaluate changes in the parents’ weight during their child’s treatment (Trier, 2016). The study included the parents of 1,125 children and adolescents (aged 3-22) who were enrolled in a children obesity treatment program. They began by taking the heights and weights of the children and the BMI scores were calculated. After 2.5 years of treatment, the mean weight was taking from the parents of 664 children. The resultsRead MoreChildhood Obesity Essay892 Words   |  4 Pages Childhood obesity is becoming a prevalent, and scary reality in the United States. The body mass index (also referred to commonly as the BMI) is calculated by a growth chart developed by the Center for Disease Control (CDC). These charts help to determine the corresponding BMI-Per-Age percentile. These numbers help determine whether a child is at a healthy rate of physical growth. The BMI is calculated from your height and weight. Studies for childhood/adolescent obesity target the age groupRead MoreChildhood Obesity and Its Effect1260 Words   |  6 PagesChildhood obesity is considered to be a serious issue among our youth. Obesity can cause many types of physical problems, which most are aware of, but it can also cause some undesirable internal feelings within children and adolescents who suffer from it. Self-esteem, or self-worth, is important as it helps develop personality and is a major ingredient to our mental health status (Wang, F. and Veugelers, P. J., 2008). Some have said obesity may even have a negative effect on cognitive developmentRead MoreEssay on Outline for Speech1256 Words   |  6 PagesInformative Speech Outline Title: Child Obesity, a â€Å"Growing† Concern Topic: Most Prevalent Causes of Obesity in the U.S. Specific Purpose: To educate the audience on the key causes of the increasing obesity rate in the U.S. among adults, but especially among youth. Thesis Statement: The main contributors to obesity among adults, but mostly among youth are environmental factors, lack of choosing nutritious meals, portion distortion and the factor that fuels all of these, advertisingRead MoreChildhood Obesity : A Condition Of Being Grossly Fat And Overweight937 Words   |  4 PagesChildhood Obesity. Childhood Obesity is a condition of being grossly fat and overweight. When someone exceeds a certain weight for a given height they are considered obese. Lifestyle issues such as too little activities and too many calories from drinks are main contributors of childhood obesity. People eat for two reasons and those are either comfort eat or appetite eat. A study have shown that kids who go without breakfast before school are more likely than classmates to be inactive, unfit andRead MoreTechnology Is Making The Citizens Of The World1336 Words   |  6 PagesObesity has dramatically increased due to the progression of technology in the form of currency, entertainment, and the prosperity of our country causing humans to gain weight. As one goes through his or her life they constantly see people with their faces lodged into the screen of the technology they are using. They seem to be lost and oblivious to the outside world. The technology created seems to have a positive effect upon the lives of people around the world, however these false visions overlookRead MoreSocial And Ecological Model Of Public Health1480 Words   |  6 Pagesmodels to the study of adolescent health, it is important to focus on the micro and macro level. We tend to observe or see behaviors at a proximate or intermediate level, and forget that at the distal level, young adults will become adults, and will have more resources and more opportunities to apply and share the positive or negative behaviors to the community. According to Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration (2002), approximately 4,000 youths first try smoking between the ages of 12 andRead MoreFast Food Essay1032 Words   |  5 PagesWhen I think of fast food, I think of children. It is pretty well known that children love fast food. When a child sees those â€Å"golden arcs†, they get a smile that they just can’t contain, and parents get an earful that they might not be able to handle without giving int o the desperate pleas and turning into the parking lot. There is something about that instant gratification you receive when going through the drive-thru of your favorite fast food restaurant, but what happens when the insane amount

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Psycholinguistics Definition and Examples

Psycholinguistics is the study of the mental aspects of language and speech. It is primarily concerned with the ways in which language is represented and processed in the brain. A branch of both linguistics and psychology, psycholinguistics is part of the field of cognitive science. Adjective: psycholinguistic. The term psycholinguistics was introduced by American psychologist Jacob Robert Kantor in his 1936 book, An Objective Psychology of Grammar. The term was popularized by one of Kantors students, Nicholas Henry Pronko, in a 1946 article Language and Psycholinguistics: A Review. The emergence of  psycholinguistics as an academic discipline is generally linked to an influential seminar at Cornell University in 1951. Pronunciation: si-ko-lin-GWIS-tiks Also known as: Psychology of language Etymology: From the Greek, mind the Latin, tongue On Psycholinguistics Psycholinguistics is  the study of the mental mechanisms that make it possible for people to use language. It is a scientific discipline whose goal is a coherent theory of the way in which language is produced and understood, says Alan Garnham in his book, Psycholinguistics: Central Topics. Two Key Questions According to David Carrol in Psychology of Language, At its heart, psycholinguistic work consists of two questions. One is, What knowledge of language is needed for us to use language? In a sense, we must know a language to use it, but we are not always fully aware of this knowledge.... The other primary psycholinguistic question is, What cognitive processes are involved in the ordinary use of language? By ordinary use of language, I mean such things as understanding a lecture, reading a book, writing a letter, and holding a conversation. By cognitive processes, I mean processes such as perception, memory, and thinking. Although we do few things as often or as easily as speaking and listening, we will find that considerable cognitive processing is going on during those activities. How Language Is Done In the book, Contemporary Linguistics, linguistics expert William OGrady explains, Psycholinguists study how word meaning, sentence meaning, and discourse meaning are computed and represented in the mind. They study how complex words and sentences are composed in speech and how they are broken down into their constituents in the acts of listening and reading. In short, psycholinguists seek to understand how language is done... In general, psycholinguistic studies have revealed that many of the concepts employed in the analysis of sound structure, word structure, and sentence structure also play a role in language processing. However, an account of language processing also requires that we understand how these linguistic concepts interact with other aspects of human processing to enable language production and comprehension. An Interdisciplinary Field Psycholinguistics... draws on ideas and knowledge from a number of associated areas, such as phonetics, semantics, and pure linguistics. There is a constant exchange of information between psycholinguists and those working in neurolinguistics, who study how language is represented in the brain. There are also close links with studies in artificial intelligence. Indeed, much of the early interest in language processing derived from the AI goals of designing computer programs that can turn speech into writing and programs that can recognize the human voice, says John Field in Psycholinguistics: A Resource Book for Students. On Psycholinguistics and Neuroimaging According to Friedmann Pulvermà ¼ller in Word Processing in the Brain as Revealed by Neurophysiological Imaging, Psycholinguistics has classically focused on button press tasks and reaction time experiments from which cognitive processes are being inferred. The advent of neuroimaging opened new research perspectives for the psycholinguist as it became possible to look at the neuronal mass activity that underlies language processing. Studies of brain correlates of psycholinguistic processes can complement behavioral results, and in some cases...can lead to direct information about the basis of psycholinguistic processes. Sources Carroll, David.  Psychology of Language. 5th ed., Thomson, 2008. Field, John. Psycholinguistics: A Resource Book for Students. Routledge, 2003. Garnham, Alan. Psycholinguistics: Central Topics. Methuen, 1985. Kantor, Jacob Robert. An Objective Psychology of Grammar. Indiana University, 1936. O’Grady, William, et al., Contemporary Linguistics: An Introduction. 4th ed., Bedford/St. Martins, 2001. Pronko, Nicholas Henry. Language and Psycholinguistics: A Review. Psychological Bulletin, vol. 43, May 1946, pp. 189-239. Pulvermà ¼ller, Friedmann. Word Processing in the Brain as Revealed by Neurophysiological Imaging. The Oxford Handbook of Psycholinguistics. Edited by M. Gareth Gaskell. Oxford University Press, 2007.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Relationship Between Customers And Employees At Caje And...

Introduction: The focus of my study will be examining the relationships between customers and employees at CAJÉ and what behavioral patterns customers conduct when reacting with one another. I will be looking at the motivations behind customers to go to CAJÉ and the sense of trust that strangers share with one another while at the Cafà ©. I wanted to ask why students are more inclined to trust others to watch their belongings while they leave the CAJÉ? Additionally, what motivates people to go to CAJÉ? Methods: In order to collect my data, I practiced participant-observation through going to CAJÉ and sitting at various tables each time. I took typed up observations on my computer which looked similar to studying, helping me immerse†¦show more content†¦During my participant-observation I chose to ask a female student if I could sit across from her. She told me of course. A few minutes later she asked if I would watch her belongings which included her laptop and background, while she quickly used the restroom. Over the course of the hours I sat there I noticed that a few other students asked others to watch their stuff. When interviewing an student employee she told me that â€Å"I leave my stuff at a table and will leave for up to an hour and nothing bad has ever happened to any of my things†. Students come to CAJÉ for various reasons. The majority of come to CAJÉ because they enjoy doing school work there, it’s a good meeting spot, friendly staff, to socialize, good coffee green tea matcha. During one of my interviews, the interviewee stated that â€Å"I love to study at CAJÉ, but I can never really expect to get a significant amount of work done. I always get distracted by everyone I know there†. I observed the majority of the students in the cafà © were on their laptops and what appeared to be studying. At closer observation I noticed many were procrastinating through texting or web surfing. Nearly all of the students had their earphones in while studying, regardless of the music that was being played from CAJÉ’s speakers. The other sounds that you could hear was the blender, the tapping of the portafilter (used for

Macroeconomics Living Standards Free Essays

1.   Define the GDP price index.   Identify the person(s) who gave this idea. We will write a custom essay sample on Macroeconomics Living Standards or any similar topic only for you Order Now A GDP price index is a measure of the price of a specified collection of goods and services in a given year as compared to the price of an identical or highly similar collection of goods and services in a reference year. William Stanley Jevons (1835-1882) provided the earliest contribution to the development of index numbers. Later Wesley Clair Mitchell (1874-1948) contributed broader efforts to gather statistical data and improve economists’ ability to assess economic well-being. 2. Define find the concept and measurement of `Business Cycles. Identify the person(s) who gave this idea. Economy normally goes through a series of cycles, of booms and depressions condition. For example, a slowing business activity may undergo revival activity which in turn results in business prosperity, prosperity then may breed economic crisis, economic crisis then leads to depression, after a long period of depression it may then go back to some revival activity which goes back to the same cycle. Business cycles could represent the most serious of economic instability. Survey data and cyclical indicators are the most effective measurements of business cycles. This would allow prediction of economic crisis for prevention purposes. The economist who contributed the most to this idea of business cycles is Wesley Clair Mitchell (1874-1948).   John Maynard Keynes formalized the analysis of business cycles. 3. Define the idea of `real interest rates’. Identify the person(s) who gave this idea. The â€Å"real interest rate† is calculated from the nominal rate of interest, adjusted for compounding, minus the inflation rate. Real interest rate is will depend primarily on the volatile inflation rates which poses some risk on borrowers and lenders. The person who gave meaning to ‘real interest rates’ was Irving Fisher (1867-1947). The increase in nominal interest rates in anticipation of inflation is even called as â€Å"Fisher Effect† because of his contribution. 4. Indicate who first advanced the modern theory of business cycles and where he taught. John Maynard Keynes contributed the most on the advancement of modern theory of business cycles. He lectured in Cambridge. References: C. MacConnell, S. Brue (2005). Economics: Principles, Problems, and Policies, 16/e. Origins of Idea (Chapter 7). Retrieved January 7, 2007 from C. MacConnell, S. Brue (2005). Economics: Principles, Problems, and Policies, 16/e. Origins of Idea (Chapter 8). Retrieved January 19, 2007 from How to cite Macroeconomics Living Standards, Essay examples

Law Corporation free essay sample

This does not mean that he/she cannot hire employees and/or have someone ‘manage’ the business. The final line is though; the owners’ decisions are the final word. | A sole proprietorship dissolves upon the owners’ death or selling of the business. Even if the spouse or other person is given rights to operate the business after the owners’ death, a new sole proprietorship has legally been started. | Owners of sole proprietorships are going to have a difficult time acquiring capital for the business. Such as a member deciding they do not want to be in the company any longer| Limited liability companies have a great deal of access for capital. An LLC has more of a chance because of the owner’s personal property not being in the equation. | The LLC does not pay taxes itself. The taxes are paid through the partners of the entity. The basis is the investment percentage that each owner has is what percentage each owner reports. We will write a custom essay sample on Law Corporation or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page | C Corporation| There can be numerous owners as the owners are considered as shareholders. Usually the individual who holds the majority of the shares would be considered the individual who has control and therefore could be considered as the only owner. The key benefit of it is that the business owners and their assets are protected from liability for business debts and judgments. Shareholders of an S corporation may consist of estates and trusts, which is not allowable for a sole proprietorship. Owners of an S corporation must be citizens or resident aliens of the United States. | When you enter into business debt with your S corporation, you do not have personal liability for it. One of the advantages of incorporating your business is that it provides you with limited personal liability. When you incorporate your business, it creates a separate business entity. Because of this, debts accumulated in the name of the business are not your own debts. This means that creditors cannot file lawsuits against you personally or come after your assets. | | No. The majority of the companys shareholders must agree to dissolve an S corporation.

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Bullying Debut Albums and Big Idea free essay sample

I have to write an argumentative essay about a big idea. My paper is on how parents can help to stop and prevent bullying. My big idea that I am completing is a blob that offers a lot of information along with links to resources. I have my final due in two weeks but this week we have to revise our opening and closing statements and I do not know where to strap and could really use some help.Introduction: The saying, if sticks and stones will break my bones, but words will never hurt me was ever true, it sure isnt true today (Gaul, 2010). Bullying in and out of schools is getting out of control. Statistics have shown that one third of teens are bullied at school and 4 percent also report that they were also victims of cyber bullying (Bullying Statistics, 2009). Parents really need to take a stand against bullying to help prevent it and to stop it. We will write a custom essay sample on Bullying: Debut Albums and Big Idea or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page We as parents need to be a part of the solution, not the problem. Conclusion: No matter what end of the bullying your child Is on, you need to make sure that you are doing your part to prevent and stop this. Bullying is a serious matter, weather we like it or not. If you do not think that you can handle the situation on your own, there is no harm In asking for help. You can find help In a variety of places, even with In your own family.